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Trans Fat, Not Saturated Fats, Linked to Health Risks

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

(North American Meat Institute)

A recent McMaster's University study concluded that consumption of trans fats is associated with greater risk of death and coronary heart disease, while saturated fats are not associated with an increased risk of death, heart disease, stroke or Type 2 diabetes. The review showed that people who ate higher amounts of trans fat were 34 percent more likely to die from any cause, compared to those who consumed lower amounts of trans fat. The study also found that increased trans fat intake was associated with a 21 percent greater likelihood of developing heart disease and a 28 percent higher mortality rate from heart disease. Researchers analyzed data gathered from observational studies on saturated and trans fats published over the past 30 years.

Current U.S. dietary guidelines call for healthy adults to limit the saturated fats in their diets to no more than 10 percent of daily calories and recommend limiting industrial trans fats to less than 1 percent of daily calories, to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. The researchers note that this study does not support recommendations to increase dietary saturated fat intake, and urges careful consideration of the effect of replacement foods for saturated and trans fats.

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