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Burdensome Country-of-Origin Labeling Rule Will Not Satisfy WTO or Trading Partners, But Will Harm U.S. Agriculture

Thursday, May 23, 2013

USDA’s ‘Rubber Stamp’ of Proposed Rule Despite Extensive Concerns From Impacted Companies and Key Trading Partners Is Incomprehensible,  Reckless

Washington, DC – A USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) decision to finalize a March 12 proposed rule on country-of-origin labeling (COOL) for meat and poultry products with no changes despite a massive outpouring of concern from affected companies and major trading partners is incomprehensible and recklessly disregards the potential adverse retaliatory trade responses from Canada and Mexico, said the American Meat Institute (AMI).   

Mandatory COOL has been mired in controversy since a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel, in response to complaints by Mexico and Canada, determined that the 2009 version of the rule violated  United States’ WTO obligations.  USDA proposed a new rule in March 2013 that it claimed would bring the U.S. into compliance, but the proposal was far more burdensome than the original 2009 rule, now in effect.  

“It is incomprehensible that USDA would finalize a controversial rule that stands to harm American agriculture, when comments on the proposal made clear how deeply and negatively it will impact U.S. meat companies and livestock producers.  This rubber stamping of the proposal begs the question of the integrity of the process:  many people spoke, but no one at USDA listened,” said AMI Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs and General Counsel Mark Dopp.  “The decision to proceed with a rule that is more costly, complex and burdensome than the earlier version,  when WTO and our trading partners have sent strong signals that this is no ‘fix,’ shows a reckless disregard for trade relations and for companies whose very survival is at risk because they rely upon imported livestock.” 

“If it wasn’t obvious previously that politics were driving USDA’s COOL rule, it is painfully clear now,” Dopp added.

In its comments, AMI detailed how many member companies will be significantly and adversely affected by the proposal. In 2009, meat and poultry processors and retailers were required to apply country-of-origin labels to packages at an estimated cost of as much as $500 million to the meat sector in the first year alone due to costly segregation of livestock, record-keeping and new packaging.

AMI also told USDA/AMS that if the existing mandatory COOL rules are amended according to the proposal, there is a virtual certainty that several meat packing establishments will ultimately close because of the costs they will be forced to incur in order to implement the proposal’s requirements.

“In effect, the agency is picking winners and losers in the marketplace in order to provide information to consumers that recent research shows they care little about and do not wish to pay for,” AMI said. Operations on the northern and southern borders would be impacted most severely because their businesses are premised on free trade in meat and livestock across international borders, and the new rule will have a particularly burdensome impact on them in terms of segregation and labeling, which suggests that the U.S. government is essentially picking winners and losers in the international marketplace.


AMI represents the interests of packers and processors of beef, pork, lamb, veal and turkey products and their suppliers throughout North America. Together, AMI’s members produce 95 percent of the beef, pork, lamb and veal products and 70 percent of the turkey products in the United States. The Institute provides legislative, regulatory, public relations, technical, scientific and educational services to the meat and poultry packing and processing industry.

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